MOBI, the Mobility Open Blockchain Initiative, said Wednesday at a conference in Dubai that General Motors, BMW, Renault, Robert Bosch, ZF Friedrichshafen and IBM would be among its initial members. The group is helmed by industry veteran Chris Ballinger, who last month left his role as CFO and head of mobility services at Toyota Research Institute.
Blockchain is "a technology where the network effects will be very strong," Ballinger said. "If you're not in at the very start, it may be too late."
The consortium will work to ensure blockchain-based services are compatible with vehicles from multiple brands to avoid an annoying scenario in which a car can't transact with a system it's not compatible with. It also will host educational seminars for members.
Blockchain technology is considered to be an unhackable financial transaction system because it uses a decentralized network. Proponents argue that the lack of a central management authority ensures that the data is virtually tamper-proof, as nefarious actors would need to hack multiple data storage locations to alter information.
There could be many practical uses for blockchain in the automotive industry, such as allowing consumers to pay for tolls and electric vehicle charging stations as well as creating public records that track vehicles and parts in the supply chain. The technology's rise, however, in the shadowy world of cryptocurrency bitcoin, has left some companies hesitant to embrace it.
“这是一个很大的流行词，但很少有人能理解它，”IBM的汽车负责人Sachin Lulla说。 “这就是为什么这些财团扮演重要角色，他们将科技带入生活。”
"It's a big buzzword, but very few people understand it," said Sachin Lulla, IBM's automotive lead. "Which is why these consortiums play a big role; they bring the technology to life."
ZF and IBM are collaborating with financial services firm UBS on the supplier's Car eWallet product, showcased at this year's CES tech trade show in Las Vegas. EY, the consulting firm, also has a blockchain-based platform for automotive.
But without widespread adoption, blockchain may be dead on arrival.
“如果只有一名玩家来推动，那么对于这个行业来说实现这一点将是非常困难的。”埃森哲咨询公司汽车和工业主管Teodoro Lio说， “这不是一两个汽车制造商能做到的。”
"If only one player pushes, it will be extremely hard to make it happen for the industry," said Teodoro Lio, automotive and industrial lead at Accenture, a consulting firm that is part of the consortium. "It's not only going to be two carmakers to make it happen."
The consortium's initial goal will be to get carmakers to assign digital identities to vehicles coming off the line, which will allow them to access blockchain platforms that run mobility services. This could unlock new revenue streams for carmakers eager to monetize vehicle location and consumer data.
"We've made a big bet on the enterprise," said IBM's Lulla. Now, it's about "bringing in an ecosystem of partners very, very quickly。